Eyesight is perhaps one of our most important senses. For many people, the thought of losing their eyesight is akin to a nightmare. That is perhaps why laser eye surgeons are in high demand, as people strive to prevent their eyesight from fading. Eye surgery costs are offset by the benefits of having clear vision.
Prevention is always better than treatment, and this applies to the eyes as well. Good eye health is dependent on the right nutrients, which include essential fatty acids, healthy oils and fats, and adequate intake of antioxidants. Avoiding smoking, and living a healthy lifestyle can promote good eye health.
Due to current lifestyles, ill health is sometimes unavoidable. Diabetes, smoking, and poor diet can lead to health problems, including in the eyes. Cataracts form in the human eye when the lens undergoes a change in the crystalline structure, making it opaque. When the lens becomes cloudy, vision is impaired, as light is unable to properly reach the optic nerve. This can give the feeling of trying to look through a dirty window. If untreated, cataracts can cause blindness. Currently, the treatment for cataracts is surgery, during which the opaque lens is removed, and a new lens is inserted into the patient’s eye.
There are several clinics which perform cataract removal surgeon in Adelaide and the surrounding area; the procedure is also available at the hospital. Technological advances have made eye surgery safe and effective. What was a drawn out procedure requiring days of recovery after a general anaesthetic, is now an outpatient procedure which takes the laser eye surgeon mere minutes with laser cutting technology. The recovery time for laser cataract surgery is short, with many patients reporting perfect vision the next morning.
During the procedure, anaesthetic is administered to the eye. Anaesthetic can be applied topically, using eye drops, or in some cases a local anaesthetic may be administered by injection into the eye. A general anaesthetic, which puts the patient to sleep, may be used in some cases, though this requires a longer recovery time.
After the anaesthetic is administered, the surgeon will use ultrasound or a high-frequency laser to break apart the cataract, to enable easy extraction of the cloudy lens. After the cataract has been broken into pieces, incisions are made, and the lens is extracted. At this point, the new lens is inserted, and glued or sutured in place. A patch is used to cover the eye, and must remain on the eye for the first night. It may be removed the next day, at which point many patients report having perfect vision restored.
It does take a few days for the incisions to fully heal, and the lens to be secured in place. During this time, patients are given a list of things they must do or avoid, to ensure that the lens is not dislodged. This includes taking care not to allow water to enter the eye during bathing or showering